Fundamentals of the modern theory of the phenomenon of “pain” in terms of a systematic approach to issues its psychological component. Terminology of the systemic approach and a brief representation of the human body as a system

  • V. I. Poberezhnyi Private enterprise “Medical innovative technologies”
  • O. V. Marchuk National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya
  • O. S. Shvidyuk Private enterprise “Medical innovative technologies”
  • I. Y. Petrik Private enterprise “Medical innovative technologies”
Keywords: “pain” phenomenon, psychophysiological phenomenon, mental process, emotion, sensation, human body, system, functional system approach, structural and functional organization, functional system, regulatory center

Abstract

“Pain” is psychophysiological phenomenon, that is actualized in the mind of a person as a result of a systemic reaction to a certain external
and internal stimuli. The pain is caused by morphological and functional disorders in the body and is accompanied by changes in person’s psychic state
and behavior. Three components are distinguished in the phenomenon of “pain”: nocigenic (somatogenic), neurogenic (neuropathic) and psychogenic.
The psychical and physiological components are distinguished only within emotions and sensations among all mental processes. The formation
of connections and relationships between their components occurs on the basis of neurophysiological processes. Emotions and feelings
of a person are inseparably linked with the corresponding physiological processes of the body, which, in turn, are a reflection of a certain
form of the systemic structural and functional organization.
From the point of view of the functional system approach, the human body is an exposed, nonlinear, self-organizing, self-regulating,
self-learning, permanently evolving, dynamic system that exists in inseparable connection and constant interaction with the environment.
Elements of its systemic structural and functional organization are certain functional systems of the corresponding hierarchical levels.
Regulatory centers are one of the main elements of the human organism’s functional systems, their activities realize the processes of their
self-organization and self-regulation. In functional systems at the cellular, tissue, organ and organism levels of its systemic organization,
the regulatory centers are the neuronal-synaptic organizations of the structural formations of the peripheral and central nervous system.
Nervous system of the person integrates and coordinates the processes of sensitivity, activity of its effector structure formations and
motion activity, accordingly to the conditions of its internal and external environment. Realization of its functions as a whole and in
full is possible only in inseparable interrelation and mutual relation, coordinated interaction and interconsistency with endocrine and
immune-competent systems. The ways and means of intercellular communication are the basis for the processes of integration and coordination
of the activity of effector and structural formations of the human body.

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Fundamentals of the modern theory of the phenomenon of “pain” in terms of a systematic approach to issues its psychological component. Terminology of the systemic approach and a brief representation of the human body as a system
Published
2018-08-01
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Poberezhnyi VI, Marchuk OV, Shvidyuk OS, Petrik IY. Fundamentals of the modern theory of the phenomenon of “pain” in terms of a systematic approach to issues its psychological component. Terminology of the systemic approach and a brief representation of the human body as a system. PMJUA [Internet]. 2018Aug.1 [cited 2019Dec.11];3(2):6-23. Available from: https://painmedicine.org.ua/index.php/pnmdcn/article/view/97
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