Clinical features and outcomes of new daily persistent headache in patients in China and comparison with medication overuse headache: a double-center retrospective study
Keywords:new daily persistent headache, medication overuse headache, clinical features, prognosis
Background: This study examined the clinical features and outcomes of NDPH patients and comparison with medication-overuse headache (MOH) in Mainland China.
Methods: This retrospective study observed patients with NDPH and medication-overuse headache (MOH) visiting two outpatient clinics between November 2011 and December 2019. Clinical information was collected and all patients were followed by telephone.
Results: The study recruited 73 NDPH and 638 MOH patients. The NDPH patients included 39 males (39/73, 53.4%) and 34 females (34/73, 46.6%), with an average age of 37.4 years and average headache duration of 10.6 years. Headache-precipitating factors included infection (11/73, 15.1%) and stress (22/73, 30.1%). Compared to MOH patients, NDPH patients had a male predominance (53.4% vs. 22.6%, p<0.001), younger age of CDH onset (26.7±12.3 vs. 41.4±11.3 years, p<0.001), and longer duration of CDH (10.6±11.8 vs. 6.1±6.2 years, p=0.023). In 62 NDPH patients followed up for 31 months, on average, therapeutic responses were more effective in NDPH patients with trigger factors than in those without trigger factors (71.4% vs. 32.4%; p = 0.002); the odds ratio (OR) of an effective outcome was 5.25 (1.73–17.84, p = 0.005).
Conclusions: NDPH is significantly different from MOH, with a male predominance, younger age of CDH onset, and longer duration of CDH. The presence of trigger factors is an independent predictor of better treatment effect in NDPH patients.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License