Publication ethics

The editors of the scholarly journal "Medicina Boli" (Pain Medicine) work in accordance with the international ethical principles of academic publishing, which include the rules of confidentiality and vigilance over publications, as well as consideration of potential conflicts of interest and legal norms. The editorial board follows in its activities the Code of the Committee on Publication Ethics work in accordance with the international ethical principles of academic publishing, which include the rules of confidentiality and vigilance over publications, as well as consideration of potential conflicts of interest and legal norms. The editorial board follows in its activities the Code of the Committee on Publication Ethics and draws on the valuable experience of authoritative international journals and publishers.

The Publication Ethics Code includes and discloses the general principles and guidelines followed by academic publishing participants, such as authors, peer reviewers, editors, publishers, distributors, and readers, in their relationships.

Publication Ethics is a system of the behavioral norms of authors, peer reviewers, editors, publishers, and readers in writing, distributing, and using scholarly publications.

Duties of Authors

An author (or a group of authors) realizes that he/she is primarily responsible for the novelty and validity of research results, which presumes the observance of the following principles:

To present valid results of the work done and an objective discussion of the importance of the study. The data used as the basis for investigations must be clearly set out in writing. The article must contain sufficient information so that other investigators can verify and replicate experiments. Fraudulent or patently untrue statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
To give initial data for editorial review, when the occasion requires. The authors must be ready to provide free access to these data, if possible, and in any case to keep the initial materials within some time that has elapsed after their publication.
To submit original articles only. When the textual or graphic information obtained from other people's works is used, there is a need for references to the corresponding publications or for an author's written permission. Any kind of plagiarism and excessive borrowings constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
To necessarily indicate that their article is published for the first time. If some elements of the manuscript have been previously published elsewhere, the authors must refer to the earlier work and point to what extent the new paper differs from the previous one. Copying word for word and paraphrasing own works are unacceptable; they may be used only as the basis for new conclusions. Simultaneously submitting the article to more than one journal constitutes unethical and is unacceptable.
To necessarily acknowledge the contribution of all people who have affected the course of a study in one way or another; the article must provide, among other things, references to the works that have been of importance for this investigation. Information privately obtained through talks, correspondence, or discussion with third parties must not be used without explicit written permission from the author.
Coauthors of the article must list all people who have made a substantial contribution to an investigation. People who have not participated in the investigation may not be mentioned among the coauthors. Those who have taken part in some important aspects of a research project should be included in a list of its participants. The author must guarantee that the names of all coauthors and participants of the project are in the relevant lists and that all coauthors have acquainted with the final version of their scholarly article and approved it, as well as given their consent to its publication.
If an author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in the article during its consideration or after its publication, he/she must notify the editorial board about this as soon as possible.
Authors must adhere to the bioethical principles when examining animals as objects.

Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest

All authors must disclose in their works information on any financial and other significant conflicts of interest that will be able to influence study results and their interpretation. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Authors must provide a written assurance that the manuscript submitted to the journal office contains no information that is able to lead to conflicts of interest due to possible relations with industrial and financial organizations. It is desirable to list the sources of funding for the work. If there is no conflict of interest, the authors should state that "The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest". A conflict of interest arises when an author (or his/her institution), a peer reviewer or an editor have financial or personal relationships that negatively affect actions and decision-making. Not all of these relationships entail conflicts of interest.

There may be a possibility of conflicts of interest regardless of whether a person considers that these relationships affect his/her scientific judgements or not. Financial relationships (such as employment, consulting, stock ownership, honoraria, and paid expert judgements) are the most easily identifiable examples of conflicts of interest, which can undermine the credibility of the journal, specific authors, and science as a whole. However, conflicts can also occur for other reasons, such as personal relationships, detection of plagiarism, competition in an academic environment, etc.

Duties of Editors

Publication decisions

Submission of an article for consideration implies that it contains authors' new nontrivial research results that have not been previously published elsewhere. Each article should be peer reviewed. Experts are able to freely express their motivated criticisms regarding the level and clarity of the submitted material, its compliance with the journal profile, novelty, and validity of results. Peer-reviewers' recommendations are the basis for the final publication decision at a meeting of the journal's Editorial Board. The latter is fully responsible for a publication decision. Guided by the journal's policy and the current Copyright Law, the Editorial Board makes its decision to publish the article. It evaluates manuscripts exclusively for their scientific content regardless of authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnicity, citizenship, or political views. The article that has been accepted for publication is placed in the print edition of the journal and electronic access in accordance with the journal's adopted policy on distribution.

Fundamental errors in published works - When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in a published work, it is the author's obligation to promptly notify the editor of "Medicina Boli" (Pain Medicine) journal and cooperate with Publisher to retract or correct the paper, If the editor or the publisher learn from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper.


For the entire duration of copyright, an author (coauthors) or a declared second party (company, institution, employer, etc.) transfers the Editorial Board the exclusive rights to use the article, which are referred to in Article 16 of the Russian Federation's Law on Copyright and Related Rights, including, but not limited, the right to publish, republish, transmit, sell, distribute, or otherwise use the article and its material in the electronic and print editions of the journal and derivative works worldwide in Russian and English and in all current and future medias.

At the same time, the author (coauthors) or declared second party reserves the following rights:

to patent and provide tradename rights to any processes (methods) and/or procedures described in the article;
to include an article in whole or in part in synopses and dissertations;
to make photo or electronic copies of the article for personal or professional uses, research promotions, or informational purposes, including their use in lecture halls and seminar rooms, provided that the copies are not offered for sale or systematically distributed (including e-mails) to third parties and/or outside the institution where they work (serve), teach, etc.;
to include the article in learning aids used in the lecture halls and seminar rooms, for free dissemination of the article amongst students or to keep it electronically on a local server that can be assessed by students as both part of a study course and internal training programs;
to keep electronically the materials of the article, which have not undergone an editorial peer review process, in a public domain. Such materials may be placed on electronic files at the website of the author or at the secure website of his/her institution, but not for commercial sales or for any systematic external distribution by a third party (e.g.: a list server or database connected to a public access server). At the same time, the author must declare the following notice: "These are the materials of the article accepted for publication in the journal "Medicina Boli" (Pain Medicine), year of publication, number". After its publication, the notice should be amended to read as follows: "The article is published in the journal "Medicina Boli" (Pain Medicine) (including the complete citation information for the final version of the article, as published in the print (electronic) edition of the journal). In doing so, the author should provide an electronic link to the website of the journal office
The right to place the final published version of article on a public server, such as the Internet, may be granted with the prior written permission of the Editorial Board.
after the article is published, the author has the right to personally use the it or any part thereof in the print collection of his/her works, by necessarily referring to the journal;
if the article is a work made for hire (a commissioned work), the employer may use the entire information of the article or any part thereof within his/her organization (company);
to make a report at a meeting or conference and to hand out the journal copies of the article to the participants of such events;
to prepare derivative publications, by using individual figures or tables, text passages (250 words each, excluding annotations) from the article, for personal use, teaching, or inclusion in another work, by necessarily referring to the right (copyright) of the Editorial Board and providing a complete reference to the journal.
If the article is commercially published, it is necessary to preliminarily apply for permission in writing to the Editorial Board. All paper and electronic copies made by an author (coauthors) within their rights reserved, as well as other means of communication should include a reference to the belonging of the rights of the Editorial Board and a complete reference to the journal.


An editor and entire editorial staff have no right to disclose information about submitted works to anybody other than the corresponding authors, peer reviewers, other editorial advisers and, if necessary, the publisher. The editor and editorial staff have no right to use unpublished materials from the submitted manuscript in their own studies without the author's written consent.

Duties of reviewers


All articles submitted to the journal office are peer reviewed by the members of the Editorial Board or invited experts. Peer review assists the editorial board in making editorial decisions. The number of reviews of each article is not limited. If the editor can see that the article has significant shortcomings that are not marked by a reviewer or he/she be

comes aware of a conflict of interest or unethical behavior of the author or the reviewer and then sends the article to be re-reviewed. The journal 's Editorial Board makes a final decision on the publication of the article.
The review process is blind when the reviewers know who the author is, but the author does not know who the reviewer is.

By giving a reference to the article, the reviewer should:

indicate whether the article is compliant with the journal's themes;

evaluate the scientific level of the work:
what original results this article contains;
whether there are erroneous statements in the article;
whether the reviewer assures himself/herself that this article is useful and relevant;
whether the references to other authors' works, which can correctly determine the place of this article among other publications, are given,;

assess the quality of article presentation:
whether the title and abstract of the article correctly reflect its main content;
whether the introduction formulates the object of an investigation;/li>
whether the conclusion formulates the main conclusions of the article;
whether any amendments to the text are needed;

make one of the following conclusions on the work as a whole:
the article may be published in the journal;
the article can be published after the author finalizes its text;
the article should be radically revised and considered for publication after peer re-review.

A negative review is made on a separate sheet of paper to be sent to the authors.

Based on the peer review of the article, the editors make one of the following decisions:

to publish the article in the journal;
to return the article to the authors to its finalization;
to reject to publish the article.
In the article submitted for publication is rejected, it may be again accepted after its futher radical processing.


Any peer reviewer appointed to assess the manuscript, who considers that his/her skills are not sufficient to make a decision in reviewing the article submitted or knows that its consideration will be delayed for one reason or other, should notify the editorial staff and give up the peer-review process.


Any manuscript submitted for peer review should be treated as a confidential document. It must be shown to other peer-reviewers or discussed with other experts, by observing the ethical standards and preserving the anonymity of the authors.

Objectivity standards

Reviews of scientific papers should be objective. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers must express their views clearly with supporting arguments. The reviewer should thus be guided by the policy of the journal's editorial board and the guidelines for authors on how to prepare the manuscript to be submitted for publication.

Confirmation of sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published works in the peer-reviewed material, which have not been cited by the authors. Any statements, conclusions, or arguments that have been previously used elsewhere must be appropriately presented as quotations. The reviewer must also draw the editor's attention to any substantial or partial similarity with any other work of which he/she has personal knowledge.

Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in the submitted manuscript must not be used in a peer reviewer's studies without the author's written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal gain. Reviewers should not take part in the consideration and evaluation of manuscripts in which they are personally interested.