The effect of cryotherapy on pain during local and total application


  • J Mašán University of St. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, Faculty of Health Sciences, Piešťany, Slovakia
  • O Dobrovanov A. Getlík Clinic for Children and Adolescents, Slovak Medical University and University Hospital of Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia
  • A Čanecký Slovak Medical University, Bratislava, Slovakia



homiothermic being, vertebroalgic syndrome, Laitinen, vasodilation, vasoconstriction, local cryotherapy, total cryotherapy


Background: analgesic effect of total and local cryotherapy in people older than 55 years, in respondents with various diagnoses, most often with degenerative diseases, especially with gonarthrosis, coxarthrosis, spondylosis, osteoarthritis and polyarthrosis.

Objective: the aim of the survey was to process information from the field of total and local cryotherapy and to analyze the information obtained using questionnaires. We process the percentage effect of total and local cryotherapy on the intensity of painful symptoms, feeling, tolerance and satisfaction of respondents after completing ten therapies.

Materials and methods: the group of respondents consisted of 35 men and 65 women aged 55 to 81 years. A total of 100 respondents qualified for the survey. 50% of respondents participated in total cryotherapy and 50% of respondents participated in local cryotherapy.

Results: we processed the results using MS Excel and IBM SPSS. The Modified Laitinen Pain Questionnaire was used. Due to established hypotheses and the nature of the data, we used the Kolmogorov – Smirnov test, the non-parametric Mann – Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon nonparametric test. The results show that with the help of local and total cryotherapy, the intensity of painful symptoms is lower.

Conclusions: the performed analysis of the data by means of a questionnaire showed that local and total cryotherapy alleviates pain and has an analgesic effect.


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The effect of cryotherapy on pain during local and total  application




How to Cite

Mašán J, Dobrovanov O, Čanecký A. The effect of cryotherapy on pain during local and total application. PMJUA [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 24 [cited 2022 Oct. 2];6(1):43-9. Available from:



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