Menstrual Pain: A Review of Foreign Literature

  • Kateryna Ostrovska Zdorovoe pokolenie, Private clinic, Dnipro, Ukraine
Keywords: menstrual pain, dysmenorrhea, prymary dysmenorrhea, secondary dysmenorrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, musculoskeletal pain, nonsteroidal anti­inflammatory drugs

Abstract

The World Health Organization estimates dysmenorrhea as the most important cause of a chronic pelvic pain. Its prevalence among adolescents and young women ranges from 40 % to 90 %, and varies, depending on age, country of residence and population density of the area. Primary dysmenorrhea is responsible for reducing the quality of life, absenteeism in the workplace or at school, refusing to participate in community and sporting events, changing of pain perception and sleep disturbance.

There is evidence of its relationship with an early menarche, a family history, a length of the menstrual cycle, bad habits, poor sleep hygiene, an unbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle and obesity. Characteristic features of a personality contribute in a certain way, making women prone to neuroticism and pain catastrophizing to be more at risk of developing dysmenorrhea.

Irritable bowel syndrome, musculoskeletal pain and interstitial cystitis often accompany dysmenorrhea and respond to its treatment positively. Despite the proven validity of nonsteroidal anti­inflammatory drugs treatment there are resistant forms of menstrual pain, those make a search for alternative therapy relevant.

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Менструальная боль: обзор иностранной литературы
Published
2019-07-18
How to Cite
1.
Ostrovska K. Menstrual Pain: A Review of Foreign Literature. PMJUA [Internet]. 2019Jul.18 [cited 2019Sep.17];4(2):53-4. Available from: https://painmedicine.org.ua/index.php/pnmdcn/article/view/198